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"Alternative" Treatments and Autism

By May 3, 2010

Ordinarily, when we speak of "alternative" treatments for a disorder, we're talking about treatments outside of the medical norm.† Very often, "alternative" treatments are simply tried-and-true treatments which may not be quite as effective as pharmaceuticals but may be preferred for a variety of reasons.† Instead of treating a cold with decongestants, for example, we might use echinacea, a botantical known to help treat the symptoms of a cold.† In that case, we know that decongestants do, indeed, relieve stuffiness - but we also know that echinacea can also relieve symptoms and may have fewer side effects.

Sometimes, people turn to "alternative" treatments when typical treatments have failed and other options have been explored.† People whose pain continues even with narcotic drugs (or who can't handle the side effects of narcotics) may turn to techniques ranging from meditation to hands-on healing.† People who have unsuccessfully tried chemotherapy for cancer may explore stem cell treatments, nutritional healing and other approaches as a last resort.

Says a HealthDay article published in US News and World Reports:

"People turn to complementary and alternative treatments anytime they perceive conventional medical treatments as either not doing the job or being too expensive, or that the complementary and alternative treatments are more natural," said Dr. Daniel Coury, medical director of the Autism Treatment Network and a professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at Ohio State University. "We see the same sorts of reasons among children on the spectrum."

It's interesting to see this statement, since - so far as I know - there really are no "conventional medical treatments" available to treat autism.† Period.

Yes, there are a couple (literally two) drugs approved to treat very specific symptoms that may or may not appear in a person with autism (severe behavioral issues).† But these are by no means considered appropriate for every person on the spectrum, nor do they actually treat the symptoms of autism itself (social/communications challenges).

Often, behavior therapy or developmental therapy is recommended, but these treatments aren't "medical," nor are they paid for by medical insurance (in fact, they're often provided through public schools as opposed to medical institutions).† They may or may not be effective in improving skills and behaviors.† They certainly are not effective in actually changing the underlying symptoms that cause autistic deficits in skills and behaviors.

Sometimes speech, occupational or physical therapy is recommended - but these therapies are not medical in the usual sense, nor are they likely to actually treat those social/communications symptoms that actually define autism spectrum disorders.

In fact, the therapies that medical practitioners are able to recommend to parents aren't "conventional medical treatments" at all.† And the "alternative treatments" he mentions as most common ("gluten-free, casein-free diet, which eliminates wheat and dairy products...† avoiding processed sugars and taking probiotics, microorganisms found in foods such as yogurt and supplements that may help maintain gut bacterial flora") are based in very solid nutritional research.† These alternative methods may or may not have any impact on autism, but they are certainly not "out in left field."

Meanwhile, other well-publicized "alternative methods" turn out to be far less popular than one would think.† According to the report, less than 1% of parents turn to Hyperbaric Oxygen Chambers, chelation, or other high-tech, potentially risky options.

Seems to me that, given the paucity of really useful, affordable options available to parents through mainstream medicine, we're making some very smart choices about "alternative" medicine for our kids.† It's not as if we're turning down antibiotics in favor of dandelion roots: so far, there is no equivalent of the antibiotic, the decongestant or the aspirin for treating autism spectrum disorders.† And we can't possibly go wrong in choosing healthier, less processed foods for our kids - or in exploring the possibility of food allergies or intolerances.

We're living with the reality that there are no "tried and true" treatments out there that can truly impact the underlying symptoms of autism.† When those treatments do emerge from the research, I would bet that parents will be lining up for them.


Comments
May 3, 2010 at 11:44 am
(1) Val says:

Very nicely said.

May 3, 2010 at 11:47 am
(2) Twyla says:

Thanks for making a lot of excellent points!

In regard to “Very often, ‘alternative’ treatments are simply tried-and-true treatments which may not be quite as effective as pharmaceuticals…” Sometimes the reason something is alternative is because it cannot be patented since it has been around for a while (e.g. vitamins) and so it would not be as profitable to fund a study, compared with newly discovered drugs which can be patented and sold exclusively by one company for a very high price until the patent runs out and generics become available.

In addition, western medicine tends to look for one treatment which helps most people with a given condition. We don’t seem to have figured out how to study more complex situations, e.g. where a subset of people with autism benefit from a combination of three treatments, but maybe they wouldn’t show a measurable benefit from just one of these treatments by itself, and maybe other people with autism don’t benefit so much from those particular treatments. This is especially the case with autism, which appears to be quite varied and multifactorial, and at this point defined by behaviors rather than by etiology.

This chart offers some interesting figures on parent ratings of a variety of treatments. The GFCF diet (for example) may not be “tried and true” in the sense of much in the way of published studies, but it is certainly “tried and true” in the experiences of many families and practitioners.
http://www.autism.com/treatable/form34qr.htm
There is also a separate chart for Asperger Syndrome at
h t t p : / / w w w . autism.com/treatable/form34qraspergersyndrome.htm

May 3, 2010 at 11:48 am
(3) Sandy says:

Gluten-free, casein-free diet, avoiding processed sugars and taking probiotics wouldn’t then ‘likely to actually treat those social/communications symptoms that actually define autism spectrum disorders.’ “gluten-free, casein-free diet, which eliminates wheat and dairy products… avoiding processed sugars and taking probiotics, microorganisms found in foods such as yogurt and supplements that may help maintain gut bacterial flora” if you look at each, came from else where first. That yogurt has been known to eat for sure after you’ve had antibiotics, it’s good health for everyone but it’s odd it evolved into an autism alterative treatment. I’m not too sure, but there’s much more to autism than social and communication. Some one who has a stroke often need speech intervention and speech therapist, medical or not is what is going to best help that person with autism. Behavioral therapy cant be said either to help with social/ communication and many times a child ends up scripting than helping the core issue however, you also cant say insurance doesn’t pay for it. Many times they do. However alternative in the sense the autism community knows it, is very expensive and doesn’t seem to improve autism symptoms any more than the speech and O.T.

No tried and true treatments out there that can truly impact the underlying symptoms of autism? I disagree. If that were true then no child with autism would had ever progressed a bit. What is more true is no one treatment seems to ever be appropriate for all children.

May 3, 2010 at 11:51 am
(4) autism says:

wow – I kinda thought I was a bit incoherent this morning!

Once wrote labels for an exhibit about medicinal plants, and came away with an understanding that western medicine is terrific for acute injuries and/or disease (eg, treating a broken leg or meningitis), but not anywhere near as good at treating chronic or system illness (eg, fibromyalgia, etc.).

On the other hand, I learned, eastern medicinal practices are far better for treating longterm, non-acute issues.

I’m thinking that autism may fall into the category of “best treated by eastern approaches to medicine” in which the body is considered to be a “garden as opposed to a machine.”

Lisa

May 3, 2010 at 12:44 pm
(5) mon says:

maybe in your article you should actually site the article. You’re taking whatever the “medical professional” is talking about out of context. And while I agree with most of what you say, I can’t fully trust it because I would like to read the original article for reference.

May 3, 2010 at 1:04 pm
(6) autism says:

Sandy – actually, kids with autism DO progress, with or without treatment. The degree to which they’ll progress, with or without any particular treatment, however, is very hard to anticipate or measure.

It’s true that ABA has measurable results, but IMO the measurements are very specific to situations and circumstances (eg, able to be mainstreamed in school because taught how to do behaviors appropriate to general ed classroom).

I’m not at all sure that ABA per se is a great way to help a person to overcome social/communication challenges, though it may be a good way to help them APPEAR to have overcome such challenges in a particular setting… And certainly that in itself is worth doing, though NOT the same thing as a medical treatment that treats the disorder itself (or even the basic symptoms of the disorder). (I think we’re in agreement on this?)

Lisa

May 3, 2010 at 1:17 pm
(7) autism says:

Sorry, Mon, you’re right – somehow missed linking this morning. It’s a healthday article published in several sites including MSN and US News. Here’s a link to the MSN site; I’ll put a link into the blog as well: http://health.msn.com/health-topics/alternative-medicine/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100257719.

Lisa

May 3, 2010 at 1:35 pm
(8) mon says:

thanks for the link.

It is pretty amazing to think that, in reality, there are no medical curatives for autism, yet even doctors would agree that things like OT, ABA, ST, are vital “treatments” for kids on the spectrum. And still, insurance companies do not cover these services unless under very specific circumstances. What should our course of action be, I wonder.

May 3, 2010 at 1:42 pm
(9) Bill says:

I am endowed with Asperger’s.
What is Autism? Really, when you look inside the brain?
We know there are measurable differences in structures like the hippocampus. We know from brain scans that an autistic brain reacts differently; different areas “light up” compared to neurotypicals. Scientists have looked at these patterns and suggested a lack of “mirror neurons”. A study of “mirror neurons” hasn’t targeted a specific area of the brain where the “mirror neurons” are missing; the affect seems diffuse.
Many neurological pathologies are studied by observing the behavior of brain damaged people. Kim Peek, the individual who inspired the “Rain Man” movie, had a defect of the corpus callosum, the bundle of nerves which connect the left and right hemispheres of the brain together. this would suggest that disconnection of normal pathways in the brain can result in some autism symptoms.
Genetic studies have not found a smoking gun, but they have found a lot of smoldering clues; many of these genetic clues seem to point back to the proteins which code the development of interconnections between neurons. One clue pointed toward connectivity in the hippocampus.
Can essential autism be cured?
If the brain structure is measurably different, how could you possibly change it? You can’t change other physical differences without surgery. You can’t give someone a pill to cure a harelip or a cleft palate. Could you cure the missing connectivity? Even if you could give a drug, or fetal nerve cells, how would you control them to only make the right connections? Uncontrolled connectivity would be like a lifetime spent on the drug LSD.
All growth is controlled by proteins coded to turn on and off at just the right time. If the proteins which signal the nose to stop growing fail, you would end up like Pinocchio. Many of these proteins were expressed in utero. Some start in utero, and then stop at say, 18 months. Growth is programmed to stop at adulthood. We all see puberty programmed to start at age ten or so.
The Moro reflex (the clutch reflex when startled) is programmed to stop a few months after birth. I and one of my sons still have it into adulthood (Intense muscle contractions in a standing adult causes serious and debilitating injuries).
How much “regressive” autism is simply a manifestation of a protein turning off or on?
If many genes control connectivity of neurons, either in encoding of the structure of the neurons, in encoding of the chemicals at the synapses, or in encoding in the timing of the turning on and turning off of the normal expression of these proteins, then to “cure” autism, you would have to identify every single one of these genes, understand how each works, have a genetic test which would have to be given BEFORE the fetal nervous system has developed, and then use a system (weakened virus?)
to deliver the correct gene, or perhaps inject the correct protein at just the right time.
I can’t honestly expect such a technology to be developed.
There is only one proven way to change the brain with current technology; training. Studies have proven that intense training can make measurable differences in the connectivity of the brain. It’s what we do when we learn to ride a bicycle.
Training is probably also the best solution for a non-genetic (fetal brain damage) autism.

If you really understand autism and cures the food and medicine arguments are moot. I’m not saying there aren’t food sensitivities out there; I am a poster child for food sensitivities! If I eat the wrong food, I get migraines. If I eat something routinely and stop eating it, I get migraines. I have eaten pizza all of my life, and I am in my mid-fifties, but lately I have started getting asthma attacks every time I eat pizza! Food sensitivities can affect your quality of life, and indirectly behavior, but that is not a direct cause of autism.
Some people get hysterical about trace amounts of preservative in vaccines, but we eat preservatives in every day food. Nitrite in ham for example; a few grams of pure nitrite would kill you! It wouldn’t preserve if it wasn’t toxic to something!
We eat all kinds of natural insecticides; clove, pepper, cinnamon, chocolate and caffeine and we smoke nicotine.
Natural sassafras (root beer flavor) and natural licorice are toxic.
I eat these foods every day, with moderation.
Don’t remove something from your diet because someone else did; remove something from your diet after careful study of whether it affects you.
Sometimes studying your food sensitivities can drive you nuts. For years I tried to figure out why I kept getting migraines on Sundays and especially Mondays. I eventually figured out it was because I always ate ham sandwiches during the normal work week, and sometimes did not eat ham on the weekend.
It wasn’t until I heard reports of people getting caffeine withdrawal headaches on weekends that I looked at whether I was NOT eating something on the weekends.
Some of this is counter-intuitive. Part of me doesn’t want to act like an Asperger geek who always has to do and eat the same thing. But, I have realized that food excursions can be dangerous for me, so it reinforces the geeky eat the same thing behavior. When I eat out, I get asthma attacks more than half the time.
One of my Aspie sons also gets violent migraines, and I strongly suspect they are caused by what he eats, but he chooses to live and die by the sword, and eats stuff I wouldn’t touch with a ten foot pole.
One of the scariest things in my mind about parents who restrict diets, is the possibility that diets can become so restrictive that important nutrients and vitamins or even basic minerals like iodine or selenium could be missing from the diet. The missing essential nutrient could cause a lethargy which could be interpreted as an improvement in bouncing off the wall autistic behavior, but actually damage the growing child by its absence. It is well documented the improved diet is responsible for increases in height and intelligence in modern humans.

May 3, 2010 at 1:43 pm
(10) autism says:

Mon – good question!!!!

IMO, many therapies are very, very similar to one another – but have different names. The general gist, again IMO, is to provide kids with autism with a lot of direct instruction and opportunity to practice difficult skills in as many settings as possible, with lots of positive reinforcement for work well done.

I truly don’t believe it matters whether you call it ABA or pivotal response or Floortime or RDI… but it DOES matter whether the program is available, funded, and high quality.

Essentially, what you’re doing with any of these “therapies” is simply teaching communication and engagement skills to kids for whom it is very tough. It’s like teaching a child with dyslexia to read: the process for most kids is intuitive, but for a dyslexic it takes time, practice, repetition, hard work, and lots of motivating high fives for work well done.

But teaching isn’t a medical intervention. So far, there really is no such thing… though there are some minor breakthroughs in the areas of hormones (oxytocin), transcranial magnetic stimulation and a few other areas. It’ll be a great day when one or more effective medical treatments actually gets to market!

Lisa

May 3, 2010 at 3:35 pm
(11) Sandy says:

I think it’s unfair and inaccurate to say insurances don’t cover ABA, ST and O.T. They often do, although it’s ABA that is harder to get coverage for. I netwrok with people living in many different states and the majority do get that private insurance coverage.
By therapies, depending on which one looks at, you’re targeting one part of the symptom’s. It does matter what you call these therapies as well regardless if they’re available or not or how they’re funded. Dyslexia is more an educational disorder than it is considered medical, therefore there is little medical treatment for it. You don’t have an RX for that, either or any other thing that would be termed medical intervention yet dyslexia like autism is a impairment of the brain. I’m not sure there’s a cure for dyslexia either, and like autism, famous people have succeeded despite their dyslexia.
There are many disorders out there that also do not have actual medical intervention. Even if there was actual edical intervention, it still might not end up measurable for all who have autism. Way back when, secretin was the big to do for autism and that’s all you ever heard. The interesting thing about that medical intervention is where secretin was extracted from. Parents lined up for that intervention only to find pretty much it probably caused more side effects than it ever helped. The scary thing is, is how people will line up for every new thing out there.

May 3, 2010 at 3:54 pm
(12) autism says:

Sandy – I’d be interested to know whether ABA etc. is covered by insurance in the majority of cases. Think I’ll do a poll on the subject!

Lisa

May 3, 2010 at 4:49 pm
(13) Sandy says:

Regardless of the majority, it’s an incorrect statement to simply put “insurance companies don’t cover”. The Ford Motor company employee’s thousands of people, for instance. Any of them would have the coverage I did and do and I am sure I’m not the only one of those Ford families that have a child with autism, and he’s covered as a step-child.

May 3, 2010 at 5:00 pm
(14) autism says:

hence the poll, Sandy. will be interesting to see the results; you may be in the majority, but I’m guessing few people have their ABA/RDI/floortime covered by insurance.

May 4, 2010 at 8:24 am
(15) AutismNewsBeat says:

Ordinarily, when we speak of “alternative” treatments for a disorder, we’re talking about treatments outside of the medical norm.

There’s a reason when a treatment is outside the medical norm – it’s unproven.

May 4, 2010 at 8:38 am
(16) autism says:

ANB – I respectfully disagree. While SOME “alternative” treatments are unproven, many others are absolutely proven and well understood (echinacea as an example).

And while nutrition (for reasons I don’t understand) is rarely discussed by or tweaked by pediatricians, it is a very well understood science. We absolutely know that small nutritional issues can cause significant problems for both children and adults.

Lisa

May 4, 2010 at 9:15 am
(17) Sandy says:

We have to consider alternative as it relates to autism, not necessarily looking at them all such as echinacea for the argument of proven. Alternative by means of autism would be they’re not all ‘natural’, and Lupron and secretin injections would be an example of alternative that is not natural. I don’t quite get that deciding on alternative based on conventional medical treatments as either not doing the job or being too expensive when most alternative isn’t covered by medical insurance and is probably just as expensive. GF/CF diet isn’t cheap and will always be an out of pocket expense and very few insurances would cover vitamins and suppelments, and very few would cover HBOT. I also don’t consider diet change or vitamin and supplements as ‘natural’. If a persons body cant handle certain foods, I consider that a disorder of it’s own, like Celiac.

May 4, 2010 at 11:22 am
(18) DJ says:

Question in regard to the original article: You mention two drugs that are being used to treat autism behaviors but did not mention their names. Could you kindly list them as I’d like to research.
Thanks

May 4, 2010 at 11:26 am
(19) autism says:

The two drugs officially sanctioned for use in treating autism are risperdal and abilify. In addition, you can read about other drugs sometimes used “off label” to treat autism here:
http://autism.about.com/od/treatmentoptions/p/drugtreatments.htm.

Lisa

May 4, 2010 at 1:34 pm
(20) autismnewsbeat says:

Lisa, you are clearly saying that most “alternative” treatments are outside the norm. So it follows that some are not outside the norm. How does that work? Your definition of “alternative” sounds like the Supreme Court’s definition of pornography – you know it when you see it.

Physicians go by standard of care. If a treatment has been proven effective, and its benefit outweighs its risks, then it may become a standard of care. I have no idea if echinacea has passed the gold standard DBPC testing as you imply, but if that’s the case, then how can you call it “alternative”? Alternative to what? Either the data exist or they don’t.

May 4, 2010 at 2:30 pm
(21) autism says:

ANB – For the sake of this conversation, I’d say that “alternative” refers to anything that is not typically recommended or prescribed by a mainstream physician.

Ordinarily, for example, mainstream physicians rely on medications (ibuprofen, narcotics, etc.) to relieve pain. There are other well-established methods for relieving pain (chiropractic, massage, meditation, aroma therapy, etc.), but mainstream medical professionals rarely recommend such “alternative” pain relief methods. Doesn’t mean they’re dangerous or don’t work, but they are “alternatives” to what your primary care doc is likely to prescribe or recommend.

By that reasoning, echinacea (a well-known symptomatic reliever for colds and allergies) is an “alternative” option, outside of the more likely recommendation by a doc of a medication such as claritin.

I wish that I could agree with you that treatments either work or they don’t. But IMO there are tremendous shades of gray out there… and in the case of autism, different shades of gray for every individual. Social skills therapy may be a absolute godsend to your kid, but they don’t work for my kid… doesn’t mean it’s pointless to try: it COULD be helpful.

Shades of gray also go for education (does hands-on teaching work? sometimes!)… for talk therapy… for a million other approaches to helping people relate better to the world around them. IMO, looking for absolutes in the fields of social interaction, education or styles of thinking is an exercise in futility.

Lisa

Lisa

May 5, 2010 at 1:34 pm
(22) AutismNewsBeat says:

I wish that I could agree with you that treatments either work or they donít.

That’s not what I said. I wrote “Either the data exist or they donít.” As far as I know, the evidence for chiropractic and aromatherapy is paper thin, no matter how “well-established” those treatments are for pain.

May 5, 2010 at 1:54 pm
(23) autism says:

ANB, a quick scan of PubMed turns up many published studies on the efficacy of chiropractic and aromatherapy. Of course I haven’t analyzed the studies, verified the quality of the publications, or reviewed the credentials of the researchers. I would say, however, that both have certainly been studied many times with published results.

The fact of the research doesn’t prove that these techniques are better than typical western medical treatments, or that they are always effective. But clearly they are sometimes effective for some people. In other words, the data exist.

My point is that many things are sometimes effective for some people. Some chemotherapies are effective for some people. Some forms of meditation are effective for some people. The data does support this – but that doesn’t mean that chemo always cures cancer or meditation always relieves stress.

May 5, 2010 at 2:53 pm
(24) Jennifer says:

Lisa,

You say that echinecea is “absolutely proven and well understood”. I assume you mean for treating colds?

Actually, that’s not the case at all.

One good way for a non-scientist to get a good expert summary of the literature is to look at a Cochrane review or other similar analysis summarizing the relevant literature. To do this, just add the term “Cochrane” or “review” to your search term. I’ve linked to the relevant pubmed entry for echinecea above. The money quote: “Echinacea preparations tested in clinical trials differ greatly. There is some evidence that preparations based on the aerial parts of Echinacea purpurea might be effective for the early treatment of colds in adults but results are not fully consistent. Beneficial effects of other Echinacea preparations, and for preventative purposes might exist but have not been shown in independently replicated, rigorous randomized trials.”

That hardly sounds “absolutely proven”.

May 5, 2010 at 3:07 pm
(25) autism says:

Echinacea is a useful herbal which can help slow or prevent the common cold. It isn’t useful always or for everyone.

In the world of “dueling research,” there are studies that support and do not support echinacea’s effectiveness, just as there are studies which support and do not support, for example, the idea that kids with autism have more GI problems than other kids; the idea that sensory integration therapy is effective for kids with autism; the idea that the number of people with autism is on the rise; etc.

Here is one abstract from a double blind placebo study that says echinacea IS better than placebo:

J Clin Pharm Ther. 2004 Feb;29(1):75-83.
Efficacy of a standardized echinacea preparation (Echinilin) for the treatment of the common cold: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Goel V, Lovlin R, Barton R, Lyon MR, Bauer R, Lee TD, Basu TK.

Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recently, echinacea has regained popularity as one of the treatments chosen most commonly by consumers with the expectation that it will reduce the severity and duration of the common cold. However, the results from a limited number of clinical trials for this application have thus far been inconclusive. This incongruity may be the result of investigators utilizing poorly standardized echinacea products, likely devoid of sufficient quantities of active constituents necessary to exert a definitive clinical effect. Therefore, a formulation containing alkamides, cichoric acid, and polysaccharides at concentrations of 0.25, 2.5, and 25 mg/mL, respectively, was prepared from freshly harvested Echinacea purpurea plants (commercially available as Echinilin, Natural Factors Nutritional Products, Inc., Vancouver, BC, Canada). The objective of this study was to test the efficacy of this highly standardized formulation in reducing the severity and duration of symptoms of a naturally acquired common cold. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 282 subjects aged 18-65 years with a history of two or more colds in the previous year, but otherwise in good health, were recruited. The subjects were randomized to receive either echinacea or placebo. They were instructed to start the echinacea or placebo at the onset of the first symptom related to a cold, consuming 10 doses the first day and four doses per day on subsequent days for 7 days. Severity of symptoms (10-point scale: 0, minimum; 9, maximum) and dosing were recorded daily. A nurse examined the subjects on the mornings of days 3 and 8 of their cold. RESULTS: A total of 128 subjects contracted a common cold (59 echinacea, 69 placebo). The total daily symptom scores were found to be 23.1% lower in the echinacea group than in placebo in those who followed all elements of the study protocol (P<0.01). Throughout the treatment period, the response rate to treatments was greater in the echinacea group. A few adverse event profiles were observed in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Early intervention with a standardized formulation of echinacea resulted in reduced symptom severity in subjects with naturally acquired upper respiratory tract infection. Further studies with larger patient populations appear to be warranted.

May 5, 2010 at 3:18 pm
(26) ANB says:

Just because an alternative treatment has been studied with published results does not mean there is empirical support for the studies. There is still the matter, which you have sidestepped, of what the results found. I find 68 articles in PubMed that reference exorcism. By your reasoning exorcism must work for some people – it’s been studied with published results!

You are still insisting that treatment X is effective for some people, but based on what? Anecdotes? Oprah? Wishful thinking?

May 5, 2010 at 7:29 pm
(27) Sandy says:

Exorcism was also an alternative, as a matter of fact, to rid a child of autism. It failed, the child died, and some man went to jail for a short period of time.

What does echinecea have to do with alternative approaches for autism? Why not focus on those for autism than the common cold?

May 8, 2010 at 11:11 am
(28) AutismNewsBeat says:

That exorcism death occurred in Milwaukee, in a storefront “church” on the north side of town. To use the GR/TACA/DAN! argument, there is a risk in any medical treatment, and just because exorcism doesn’t work for all children doesn’t mean it won’t work for some.

Exorcism is still widely used in many parts of the world that shun “Western-style” medicine in favor of more traditional healing methods.

May 8, 2010 at 11:34 am
(29) autism says:

ANB – and you’re absolutely SURE there are no demons out there that need exorcising????

May 11, 2010 at 2:12 pm
(30) ANB says:

Metaphorically speaking, I’m sure you’re right. But I thought we were talking about alternative treatments and autism.

July 14, 2011 at 1:22 pm
(31) Eva26g says:

There are so many alternative treatment available on the market it can be overwhelming and many physicians have different perspectives. Thank you for sharing information.
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